Cambodia (Phnom Penh)
People have been ingesting iron since 1200 BC (the Iron Age, in fact). In parts of Africa, people eat red dirt, thinking it’s a cure and, in parts of Southeast Asia, people have been known to cook with nails. The Lucky Iron Fish is an inspiring example of how a simple design tweak can make all the difference – and how science and symbols people hold dear can sometimes work together.
In 2008, Canadian science graduate Christopher Charles visited Cambodia. Shocked by the fact that more than 70 percent of the population are iron deficient – which can lead to anaemia, impaired cognitive ability, increased risk of illness and even death – he designed a lump of metal that can provide a family with up to 75 percent of daily iron intake for up to 5 years. All you have to do is cook with it.
But it can’t release the proper amount of minerals if people won’t use it. As Charles went from village to village, he found his invention rejected. So he changed the shape to that of a fish. Seen as a symbol of good luck for health and happiness in local folklore, the villagers welcomed the ingot – leading to a boost in blood iron levels, amazingly decreasing anaemia by 50% in 9 months.
The Lucky Iron Fish ‘iron evangelists’ have already helped more than 89,000 people in Cambodia by donating one fish for every one purchased in the West. And they are looking to expand into South and Southeast Asia: “People always think of iron deficiency as a third-world problem, but it’s not,” says President and CEO Gavin Armstrong. “You can buy a sustainable solution that is not hard on the body and that is cost-effective, and you’re also helping someone else who is suffering from the same thing across the world.”
Gavin Armstrong, President and CEO