Alicante's floodable urban park with a twist

La Marjal
Spain (Alicante)

The first of its kind, La Marjal is more than a park. Floodable, it acts as a retention basin for rainwater and a place of shelter for aquatic birds.

 

The rain in Spain… can cause destructive flooding. Autumn storms often flood urban areas in the Mediterranean region, so the city of Alicante – which is known for going without rain for months, followed by torrential downpours – has built a recreation park with a twist.

Marjal Park is designed with a hydraulic function: in the event of heavy rain, it can store up to 45,000 cubic metres of storm water to reduce the risk of flash flooding in the residential area of Alicante’s most famous beach, Playa de San Juan. If you want an idea of how much water that is, it’s 300,000 baths or 18 Olympic pools.

At the time of its inauguration in 2015, La Marjal was considered an innovation within the world of urban parks. And it still is.

Because it doesn’t stop there. La Marjal also recycles the rainwater, which is diverted to its two ponds and then onto nearby treatment plant, Monte Orgegia, where it can subsequently be reused to clean streets, for irrigation and for water parks – mainly thanks to the city’s more than 70 km of reclaimed water networks. The integration of treated wastewater into water resources management is vital to meet future demands.

The park recreates an organic natural space by simulating the shape of a large pond and the selection of flora and fauna that colonises and recreates the habitats of wetlands.

The design is based on natural systems that regulate water cycles, like the marshes of the Mediterranean coastline. It is likely that marshes covered part of San Juan beach before its agricultural and urban transformation. The depressions or plains are separated from the sea by a chain of dunes that, in rainy seasons, accumulate flows from their natural basins, creating areas subject to a long period of flooding.

With a total area of 36,700 sq metres for citizen recreation, this municipal park is considered a true “green lung” for Alicante as it offers an ideal habitat for both resident and migratory birds. They can find in the necessary resources for their growth, since its geographic location so close to the coast makes it a perfect resting place.

“The park itself is a highly innovative work of sustainable urban engineering, which combines conventional hydraulic engineering with a nature-based solution, generating a space for citizen enjoyment and a boost for biodiversity within the city”, explains Mónica Pérez, Director of Green Infrastructures and Sustainable Tourism at SUEZ Spain.

The park has demonstrated high hydraulic efficiency. By November 2020, it had collected 52,200 cubic metres of rainwater and received many recognitions for its sustainability. La Marjal was selected among the 101 business examples of #PorElClima actions by ECODES and in 2018 it helped the city of Alicante obtain the Sustainable City award from Ecomed-Forum Ambiental, in the integral water cycle category.

Citizens and visitors can support this initiative and help care for the park by taking part in the various activities organised by the city council and Aguas de Alicante to promote the knowledge and care of its biodiversity. An environmental itinerary has been created to discover the different corners of the park. In addition, the city council periodically organises free guided tours to show the innovations within this green area.

AtlasAction: Enjoy this park in physically in person or discover it by watching this video.

Written by

Oscar Marin (25 January 2021)

    Project leader

    Alicante city council and Aguas de Alicante

    Partners

    This project has been selected as part of MedFutures, a new content channel that maps the most innovative and inspiring solutions to the water and climate crisis in the Mediterranean and the people behind them. Atlas of the Future is excited to join forces with Aigües de Barcelona.

    Support the Atlas

    We want the Atlas of the Future media platform and our event to be available to everybody, everywhere for free – always. Fancy helping us spread stories of hope and optimism to create a better tomorrow? For those able, we'd be grateful for any donation.

    Creative Commons License

    Comments

     

    Take me somewhere
    Close
    Take me somewhere
    Close
    Data Protection Act: LOPD.
    In compliance with Organic Law 15/1999, of 13 of December, on Personal Data Protection, and the development of Rules of Procedure, approved by Royal Decree 1720/2007, of 21 of December, Atlas of the Future subscribers may be required to provide Personal Data, which will be included in a file owned by Democratising The Future Society SL. Such file is duly incorporated in the Spanish Data Protection Agency and protected in compliance with the security measures established in the applicable legislation.Subscribers may exercise, at any time, their rights of access, rectification, cancellation and/or opposition regarding their Personal Data. The subscriber shall notice their will, either under written form addressed to Democratising The Future Society SL, Ref. LOPD, Calabria, 10 6-3 08015 - Barcelona (Spain) and/or by e-mail, clicking here. Also, the subscriber shall communicate Atlas of the Future any modifications of their Personal Data stored, so that the information stored by Atlas of the Future remains at all times updated and error-free.
    Close
    Sign up for our weekly newsletter