Enter the world's most famous democratic school

Summerhill School
United Kingdom (Leiston)

Pupils have been swinging from the trees at Summerhill School for a century. Founded back in 1921, the oldest and probably most famous democratic school in the world has survived against all the odds – having been attacked by the press, misrepresented by the media and harassed by inspectors throughout its history. Add to that the constant battle with financing and it is amazing that it is still here, not only surviving, but thriving.

summerhill festival

Staff and pupils have always had equal say in the running of the school as a democratic community, operated according to founder Alexander Sutherland Neill‘s belief that a school should be made to fit the child, rather than making the child fit the school. At Summerhill, adults and children have equal rights.

Today the life-changing school is more popular than ever, regularly approached by students of education and education pioneers seeking inspiration for setting up their own schools which have children’s rights at their core. A.S. Neill’s books have been translated into countless languages and continue to be a source of inspiration across the globe.

Watch this (frankly quite amazing) Pathé film from 1946. The children make their own rules in a weekly parliament and there was no ‘Sir’, just ‘Neil’.

What makes Summerhill different is its philosophy of freedom from adult coercion and its community self-governance. It gained notoriety in the 1920s–1930s and then in the 1960s–1970s, due to progressive and counter-culture interest. Neill wrote 20 books, but his top seller was the 1960 Summerhill, read widely in the free school movement in the 1960s onwards. While Neill had anti-authoritarian beliefs, classes were traditional in practice. The education pioneer did not show outward interest in classroom pedagogy, and was mainly interested in student happiness.

“The future of Summerhill itself may be of little import. But the Summerhill idea is of the greatest importance to humanity. New generations must be given the chance to grow in freedom. The bestowal of freedom is the bestowal of love. And only love can save the world.” – A.S. Neill 1963

Now Summerhill School is turning 100. Taking place in Leiston in Suffolk, UK, on 5–10 August 2022, The Summerhill Festival of Childhood will celebrate 100 years of Summerhill School and the inspirations that A.S. Neill has given the world.

This event is all about childhood, children’s rights, freedom of the individual, responsibility to community and free play.

It will feature talks by education innovators (such as those running self-directed and democratic schools and learning communities) to DJs, comedy, bands, collaborative art projects and fun activities for the young and young at heart.

Almost one hundred passionate, dedicated volunteers are busy working on the event, raising money to cover costs. Proceeds will go towards establishing the A.S. Neill Archive and Research Centre, where education students, innovators and pioneers can learn more about progressive approaches to education fit for the 21st century.

AtlasAction: Check out the centenary website which is commemorating one hundred years of A.S.Neill’s  school.

Submitted by

Henry Readhead


The Deputy Principal of Summerhill School is the grandson of Alexander Sutherland Neill, the founder of Summerhill. Henry ran their music department for twelve years.

Written by

Lisa Goldapple, Editor-in-Chief, Atlas of the Future (19 October 2020)

Project leader

Henry Readhead, Deputy Principal, Summerhill School & team of 100 international volunteers

Support the Atlas

We want the Atlas of the Future media platform and our event to be available to everybody, everywhere for free – always. Fancy helping us spread stories of hope and optimism to create a better tomorrow? For those able, we'd be grateful for any donation.

Creative Commons License



  1. Peggy Thomas

    Can outsiders attend the festival? I would love to be there.

Take me somewhere
Take me somewhere
Data Protection Act: LOPD.
In compliance with Organic Law 15/1999, of 13 of December, on Personal Data Protection, and the development of Rules of Procedure, approved by Royal Decree 1720/2007, of 21 of December, Atlas of the Future subscribers may be required to provide Personal Data, which will be included in a file owned by Democratising The Future Society SL. Such file is duly incorporated in the Spanish Data Protection Agency and protected in compliance with the security measures established in the applicable legislation. Subscribers may exercise, at any time, their rights of access, rectification, cancellation and/or opposition regarding their Personal Data. The subscriber shall notice their will, either under written form addressed to Democratising The Future Society SL, Ref. LOPD, Calabria, 10 6-3 08015 - Barcelona (Spain) and/or by e-mail, clicking here. Also, the subscriber shall communicate Atlas of the Future any modifications of their Personal Data stored, so that the information stored by Atlas of the Future remains at all times updated and error-free.
Get World-changing projects and news in your inbox weekly.